Crime Wave: 18 Months of Mayhem   View more episodes

Aired at 10:00 AM on Monday, Feb 08, 2010 (2/8/2010)      View all transcripts from this day

Transcript

00:00:01In 1924, at the age of 21, he mugged a local shopkeeper.
00:00:06>> It was an idiotic thing to do, the type othing that, you know, might get you six months on probation by most judges.
00:00:14However, for some reason, this judge threw the book at dillinger and gave him something like ten years of hard time.
00:00:21>> narrator: IT WAS A TOUGH Break for dillinger and america, because in prison, the young punk fell in with career crooks like charles makley and henry "pete" pierpont.
00:00:32>> Pierpont and charles makley were a couple of very hardened criminals and bank robbers.
00:00:37They kind of mentored him in the ways of how to rob banks.
00:00:42>> narrator: WHAT THE OLDER PROS Schooled young johnny in was a revolutionary new style crooks called it "the lamm method" after the man who perfected it, legendary bank robber baron herman lamm.
00:00:57>> Lamm is credited by other criminals with really making bank robbery almost a scientific proposition.
00:01:05>> narrator: IN THE LAMM METHOD, The gang spent days, sometimes weeks, casing a bank before a robbery.
00:01:11They'd study the comings and goings of guards, armored cars, and tellers.
00:01:15A real pro would pose as a customer and get inside, gathering information about the layout, alarms, and vault types.
00:01:23Nothing was left to chance.
00:01:25>> Each person had a role, and it basically turned bank robbery, which heretofore had been essentially an amateurish proposition, into a professional proposition.
00:01:36>> narrator: BY THE TIME HE WAS Paroled in may of 1933, dillinger had learned his lessons well.
00:01:42>> When dillinger got out of PRISON, HE'D GOTTEN A PhD In crime.
00:01:48>> narrator: AND HE WASTED NO Time putting his new diploma to work.
00:01:52That summer, he hit banks all over indianand ohio.
00:01:56>> He had no intention of going back to polite society.
00:02:01He felt that society owed him.
00:02:04>> narrator: AND DILLINGER ISN'T The only parolee looking for a little payback in the summer of 1933.
00:02:13Platte city, missouri.
00:02:15Two days after dillinger's heist in indiana, sheriff's deputies and state troopers surround the red crown cafe and tourist court, just outside kansas city.
00:02:25>> Something that a lot of people have forgot about is what a tourist court is.
00:02:28A tourist court was designed for the traveling tourist, and they all had a place to stay and then a garage next to it.
00:02:36>> narrator: INSIDE, RECOVERING From a recent shootout, is a pair of petty outlaws from west bonnie parker and clyde barrow.
00:02:48The son of a destitute junk peddler, clyde barrow was barely in his teens when he followed his older brother, buck, into a life of crime.
00:02:57>> Buck needed an associate, and clyde, lookin' up to his older brother, got involved with it, and the next thing you know, their troubles just got worse.
00:03:08>> Buck liked to fight chickens.
00:03:10The problem with that: Buck didn't have no chickens.
00:03:13So he stole them, and it progressed from there on into petty theft, burglary.
00:03:18>> narrator: CLYDE WAS JUST A Two-bit hood, but he was just enough of a bad boy to catch the eye of 20-year-old bonnie parker.
00:03:25>> She just had one problem: Bad taste in men.
00:03:29>> narrator: JUST DAYS AFTER They met, clyde was arrested for car theft.
00:03:34>> She visited him on a regular basis once he was picked up, and he convinced her to smuggle in a gun, and she did.
00:03:44>> narrator: THE GUN HELPED Clyde bust out of jail but not for long.
00:03:49Recaptured, he was sent to texas' notorious eastham prison farm.
00:03:54Like many prisons of the era, discipline at eastham was often beatings were common.
00:04:02Anyone considered a flight risk was clothed in black and white stripes and usually chained at the ankles.
00:04:10The brutal treatment was only broken up by hard forced labor.
00:04:14>> It was a famously brutal system.
00:04:18In fact, clyde famously chopped off one of his toes to get off a work detail.
00:04:23>> narrator: PAROLED IN FEBRUARY Of 1932, clyde came out of eastham prison itching for revenge.
00:04:30>> He said if he ever got out that he was gonna come back and free every prisoner there and kill every god--you know, every guard there.
00:04:37>> narrator: REUNITED WITH Bonnie, they took to the road, roaming the highways of texas and oklahoma, robbing to get by.
00:04:45>> The places they hit were little small mom-and-pop places that just absolutely didn't have much money at all.
00:04:51They may have got $50 to $100.
00:04:53>> narrator: BUT THOSE SMALL Takes came at a high price.
00:04:56By july of 1933, clyde had murdered six men, including an oklahoma sheriff, a dallas police detective, and two missouri lawmen.
00:05:07>> Once he started running, he vowed that he would never give up.
00:05:12They would have to kill him, because he wasn't gonna go back to that prison.
00:05:17>> narrator: AND THAT WAS NO Idle threat.
00:05:19By the time the law catches up with bonnie and clyde at the red crown tourist court, the gang has gotten its hands on a whole arsenal of heavy weapons: A HALF-DOZEN COLT .45s, Rifles, sawed-off shotguns, and five deadly browning automatic rifles.
00:05:37, the browning is a military assault rifle, firing 30-06 round that can cut clean through steel car bodies and clapboard walls.
00:05:49Fully automatic, it spits out bullets from its 20-round magazine at more than 500 rounds a minute.
00:05:57>> It's a gas-operated shoulder-fired light machine gun.
00:06:01It was designed for a squad automatic weapon role or light machine gun role for the military.
00:06:06>> Law enforcement wasn't equipped with that kind of firepower.
00:06:09Only the national guard or the army of that day were equipped with 'em.
00:06:14>> Clyde barrow got his by holding up and breaking into national guard depots.
00:06:18That's where the good guns were, and that's where clyde got all his--lots of guns and thousands and thousands of bullets.
00:06:26>> narrator: CLYDE WOULD NEED All the firepower he could get.
00:06:29As the posse takes up positions around the red crown tourist court, the barrow gang is boxed in.
00:06:38With his deputies providing cover, sheriff coffey approaches buck and blanche's cabin.
00:06:44[glass shattering] Clyde opens fire.
00:06:46[gunfire] Grazed by a bullet, the sheriff scrambles for cover.
00:06:51His men start shooting.
00:06:53[gunfire] While clyde runs from window to window firing wildly, his brother buck heads for the adjacent garage and the gang's recently stolen ford v-8.
00:07:06But as buck and blanche run to the car, buck barrow is hit.
00:07:14Then, with clyde behind the wheel, the ford bursts out of the garage and onto the street.
00:07:20>> Clyde just drove out of this courtyard through a storm of bullets and was gone before anybody thought to, hey, you know, maybe get in a car and go chase him.
00:07:29>> narrator: THERE'S NO PURSUIT.
00:07:31With only local jurisdiction, the lawmen have little reason to give chase.
00:07:36>> A lot of agencies could not cross state lines.
00:07:39They could not cross county lines.
00:07:42>> narrator: CHANCES ARE THEY Couldn't have caught clyde before the county line either.
00:07:47>> The ford v-8 at that time was probably one of the fastest cars on the road.
00:07:52>> That was one reason clyde liked it.
00:07:54He could wind that thing like an eight-day clock, and he was always running between 70 and 90 miles an hour.
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00:11:55>> narrator: BY MID-JULY, BARELY declared a war on crime, things in the midwest were heating up, not cooling down.
00:12:04 edgar hoover's newly empowered and woefully outmatched bureau of investigation, it was only going to get worse.
00:12:13The depression, in the calamitous summer of 1933, had taken a dangerous turn, and even the rich had reason to be afraid.
00:12:24>> The great depression brought an awful lot of anger to ordinary americans who blamed the depression on powerful and rich businessmen.
00:12:33>> There was a lot of class warfare going on at the time, rich versus poor.
00:12:37A lot of people did things that they normally wouldn't have done.
00:12:41>> narrator: A BIG MANSION AND A million-dollar bankroll didn't make a man safe; it made him a target.
00:12:50Oklahoma city, oklahoma.
00:12:53Three nights after bonnie and clyde's shootout at the red crown tourist court, millionaire oil magnate charles urschel is playing bridge with his wife and another couple on the porch outside his oklahoma city mansion.
00:13:0930, the screen door opens.
00:13:12In step two men with guns.
00:13:15One of the gunmen is george barnes, aka machine gun kelly.
00:13:24Originally from memphis, machine gun kelly had little in common with criminals like dillinger and clyde barrow.
00:13:31>> He had a totally different background than most of the others.
00:13:33He was a fairly well-educated guy.
00:13:36He came from a upper-middle-class background, went to college, and then got into bootlegging.
00:13:42And that was the start of his criminal career.
00:13:46>> narrator: RUNNING WHISKEY IN Oklahoma, kelly met and married a party girl from fort worth named kathryn thorne.
00:13:54After a brief stay in new mexico, the couple ended up back in oklahoma, where kelly got nabbed for selling liquor on an indian reservation.
00:14:02Sentenced to three years in leavenworth, kelly's stint behind bars, like dillinger's, earned him a crash course in crime.
00:14:11>> In leavenworth, kelly met people like frank nash, thomas holden, francis keating, who were all big-time professional bank robbers.
00:14:21>> narrator: PAROLED IN 1930, Kelly earned his nickname as the triggerman in a few robberies.
00:14:27But it wasn't his fellow outlaws who came up with it.
00:14:30It was his wife.
00:14:32>> Kathryn tried to promote george by saying that he was an expert machine gunner, that he could write his name in the side of a barn with machine gun bullets.
00:14:43>> narrator: KELLY'S SIGNATURE Weapon was the thompson machine gun.
00:14:47[machine gun fire] >> The thompson submachine gun , which is a pistol round.
00:14:54Its cyclic rate initially, in the 1921 model, was around 800 rounds per minute; fires from a 30-round stick magazine or a 50-round drum magazine, and there were some 100-round drum available also.
00:15:06>> This was the street sweeper.
00:15:08You get almost a three-foot flame per bullet that comes out of that gun.
00:15:13And just for pure show, you can't beat it as a weapon.
00:15:18>> narrator: COMMONLY CALLED THE "Tommy gun," the weapon was designed by general john thompson at the end of the first world war.
00:15:26It was designed to mow down enemy troops at close range and gave a lone gangster as much firepower as a whole posse armed with six-shooters.
00:15:35>> To the benefit of the public ENEMIES OF THE 1930s, Technology and the industrial revolution gave them some tools that the outlaws, the jessie james-era outlaws, never had: High-powered weaponry, thompson submachine guns, repeating weaponry.
00:15:53There was a window of time where the gangsters had the upper hand.
00:15:58>> narrator: IN THE SPRING AND Summer of '33, machine gun kelly hit a few midwest banks, but without a proper gang, he wasn't able to make any big scores.
00:16:08That's when he and kathryn decided to try a new angle: Kidnapping.
00:16:13>> People forget with all the hoopla over bank robberies that by far the more lucrative crime back in the depression was kidnapping.
00:16:21It really started with the lindbergh kidnapping in 1932, which kicked off a whole wave of copycat kidnappings across the country but especially in the midwest.
00:16:31And back then, you could get away with kidnapping, because the way th enforcement and the fbi dealt with it was, they let the ransom be paid, and later, they tried to track it down.
00:16:40>> Kidnapping was a crime that terrified people and particularly terrified wealthy people during the great depression, when they knew perfectly well that there were armies of poor people out there who resented them and held them responsible for their own poverty.
00:17:00>> narrator: KELLY HAD PICKED Charles urschel as a target, figuring the rich oilman would bring a hefty ransom.
00:17:06And he'd be right.
00:17:09With urschel bound and gagged in the back of the car, kelly heads south, driving all night across the desolate wasteland of abandoned oklahoma farms.
00:17:20By morning, machine gun kelly is in texas.
00:17:23At a dilapidated ranch north of dallas, he leaves urschel in the care of his mother-in-law and a cantankerous old cowboy named boss shannon.
00:17:34Then kelly and kathryn head back to oklahoma to arrange the ransom.
00:17:43Dexter, iowa-- the next morning, and 560 miles north, the barrow gang camps among the overgrown ruins of an amusement park outside the small town of dexter, iowa.
00:17:55>> This amusement park had been called dexfield park, but it was closed.
00:18:00It had gone out of business, victim of the depression.
00:18:04>> narrator: IT'S BEEN FIVE DAYS Since the gang fought its way out of the red crown tourist court.
00:18:08>> After that gunfight, they traversed those little dirt roads all night long, stopping several times to attend to buck's wounds.
00:18:17>> narrator: BUCK BARROW, Despite a massive head wound, is still alive.
00:18:21>> A local farmer out for a walk spotted their camp and noticed all these bloody rags and told the local law enforcement officers.
00:18:31>> The authorities said, "wait a minute.
00:18:34We might have us some water " and they got ready, and they put a posse together, and then all hell broke loose.
00:18:44[gunfire] >> narrator: COVERED BY THE Burst from clyde's browning, the gang makes a run for it.
00:18:55>> A lot of people got a rude awakening the first time those BIG B.A.R.s OPENED UP Over their heads.
00:19:03>> narrator: BUT BUCK BARROW IS Hit.
00:19:06[gunshots] Blanche stays with her husband and is captured by the authorities.
00:19:14Bonnie, clyde, and w.d.
00:19:16Escape to a farmhouse down the road.
00:19:19>> Clyde come up to the fence, and he says "we're not gonna " he says, "all we want to do is " >> narrator: BLOODIED BY A Second shootout in six days, what's left of the barrow gang steals the farmer's truck and gets away.
00:19:34Five days later, in an iowa hospital, buck dies of his wounds.
00:19:40Blanche will spend the next ten years in jail.
00:19:46Kansas city, missouri.
00:19:48The day after buck barrow dies, a friend of kidnap victim charles urschel paces outside a kansas city hotel gripping a suitcase filled with cash.
00:20:00A man walks up.
00:20:01It's machine gun kelly.
00:20:05The drop goes off as planned.
00:20:07Kelly walks away $200,000 richer--quite a sum in the days when the average worker, if he was lucky enough to have a job, earned around $1,000 a year.
00:20:20The ransom paid, urschel is released unharmed the next morning.
00:20:28Montpelier, indiana.
00:20:30Five days after kelly releases urschel, john dillinger robs the first national bank, the only bank in this small town of 1,800.
00:20:40>> Auto bandits liked to hit small-town banks because of the ease in getting in and getting out of the town.
00:20:47Also, in robbing a small-town bank, you had a small-town police force, and there was-- they didn't have to worry about too much opposition.
00:20:57So it was no contest to rob a small-town bank.
00:21:01>> Move it! move it!
00:21:02>> narrator: DILLINGER'S Big-city cockiness keeps the small-town bankers passive and cooperative.
00:21:08>> He would immediately stick a gun in the teller's face, before he even had time to react.
00:21:12>> There was a sense of, "i'm here for the money.
00:21:15Give me the money and nobody " the central tenet of his personality that made him good at it was confidence.
00:21:21He thought every time he went into a bank, he was gonna come out with the money, and he acted like it.
00:21:26>> narrator: THE TAKE TOTALS More than ten grand-- a good haul for the gang but a tough break for this small-town bank struggling to stay afloat.
00:21:35The rush of people to take their money out of banks during the depression had already put tremendous pressure on small-town banks, and the crime wave was only making it worse.
00:21:45>> Banks at that time were going under right and left.
00:21:48You know, this is a catastrophe.
00:21:50, no insurance at that time.
00:21:56>> narrator: PARADISE, TEXAS.
00:21:57A week later, acting on a tip, federal agents arrive at the ranch where charles urschel had been held captive.
00:22:06The agents arrest boss shannon and kathryn's mother, ora.
00:22:12But machine gun kelly and kathryn are both long gone.
00:22:19Eight weeks into the war on crime, hoover's newly empowered bureau of investigation had only managed to arrest some very minor players.
00:22:30Bonnie and clyde, john dillinger, and machine gun kelly were still on the loose, and it was about to get worse.
00:22:39Grand haven, michigan.
00:22:41Less than a week after agents bust boss shannon's ranch, a young man walks into another small-town bank.
00:22:48Inside his picnic basket is a thompson submachine gun.
00:22:53 george "baby face" nelson.
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00:26:21>> narrator: IT HAD BEEN EIGHT Weeks since the kansas city massacre, and what will become america's greatest crime spree was just beginning.
00:26:30But it had yet to make much of an impression on a desperate country locked in the depths of the depression.
00:26:36For the past three years, drought and devastation had ravaged the country's midsection, and farmers stood by helplessly as their crops blew away.
00:26:46>> They were foreclosing on these farms at a rate of 200 per week here in oklahoma.
00:26:50An estimated 1/4 or a little bit more than the state's population fled west to california and arizona and washington.
00:27:00>> narrator: THE BIG CITIES WERE In no better shape.
00:27:02>> Great masses--hundreds of thousands of men, women were out of work.
00:27:08Long, long bread lines in every city and huge shanty towns lining the hudson river in manhattan, lining the potomac in washington, in boston, in cincinnati-- every major city had 'em.
00:27:22>> narrator: WITH 1/3 OF THE Nation's workforce unemployed, the millions of americans living in ramshackle shantytowns, riding the rails, or roaming the highways had one thing in common in the summer of 1933: They were all desperate for a job, legal or otherwise.
00:27:41Grand haven, michigan.
00:27:42August 18, 1933.
00:27:48George "baby fac nelson approaches the people's savings bank in this bleak town of 10,000just across the lake from chicago.
00:27:58Once inside, nelson whips a thompson submachine gun out of a picnic basket.
00:28:04It may be his first bank job, but the 25-five year old is already a hardened criminal.
00:28:14Just 12 years old when he served his first term in reform school.
00:28:19It wouldn't be his last.
00:28:21>> Lester was always getting into trouble as a kid.
00:28:23He was arrested several times and sent to the reformatory for stealing cars.
00:28:30>> narrator: BY 1930, LESTER WAS Calling himself george nelson.
00:28:35Married with two kids, during prohibition, he earned an illegal living hauling liquor for a chicago bootlegger.
00:28:41And, like a lot of folks struggling to survive the depression, nelson also did whatever he could to earn a little more money on the side.
00:28:50>> "Baby face" nelson got his name--i believe it was around 1931--when among those that he mugged on the streets of chicago was the wife of chicago's mayor, who the next day told the newspapers that the robber had a real baby face.
00:29:04>> narrator: THE NICKNAME STUCK, Even if few dared say it to his face.
00:29:10>> Nobody called him baby face to his face.
00:29:13He'd glower at you, if not shoot you.
00:29:18>> narrator: THAT AFTERNOON IN Grand haven, nelson has just graduated from street thug to bank robber.
00:29:24The haul, however, is a disappointing $3,500 dollars.
00:29:27By august of '33, the banks are really beginning to feel the depression's bite.
00:29:32>> People wouldn't put their money in the bank.
00:29:34They'd bury it and put it under their house in a fruit jar or something like that rather than to trust a bank.
00:29:43>> narrar: DAYTON, OHIO.
00:29:44A month after nelson's grand haven stickup, three heavily armed detectives creep up the staircase of a boardinghouse.
00:29:54Like most midwestern cities, dayton had been hit hard by the depression.
00:29:59With a population of around 200,000, many of its once-neat working-class neighborhoods had become blocks of abandoned row houses and rooms rented by the week.
00:30:10They're a good place for criminals to hide out, since most cops won't go near them.
00:30:16But these cops are on a mission.
00:30:18They've been tipped off th upstairs.
00:30:23Dillinger had come to dayton the day before to visit a girlfriend named mary longnaker.
00:30:29>> She was the sister of james jenson, who was his cellmate, and he loved her.
00:30:38>> narrator: THE DAYTON POLICE Had learned of the relationship from a prison snitch, and longnaker's landlady confirmed it.
00:30:46>> They tell the landlady that, you know, "when he pops up " >> dillinger came one night, and he wasp talking to mary, and the landlady called the cops, and they surrounded the place.
00:31:00[knock on door] [scream] >> narrator: THE COPS TAKE Dillinger without a fight.
00:31:15Memphis, tennessee, four days later.
00:31:20At sunrise, a hungover machine gun kelly and his wife, kathryn, wake up in a steamy bungalow in kelly's hometown.
00:31:28What they don't know is, federal agents are just outside.
00:31:32The tip that brought the bureau agents to their door came from kathryn herself, although she didn't know it.
00:31:38>> Kathryn tried to make a deal with the feds.
00:31:41She offered to turn george in if they would set her mother free.
00:31:46She went to her lawyer, and her lawyer would send letters to the federal prosecutor in oklahoma city.
00:31:53>> narrator: THE FEDS REFUSED The deal, but the letters led them to machine gun kelly's memphis hideout.
00:32:05Just like dillinger had four days earlier, kelly surrenders without a fight.
00:32:11>> The head fbi agent in memphis telephoned the story into a chicago newspaper that kathryn had said, "it looks like it's over for us, george.
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00:36:15>> narrator: BY THE SECOND WEEK Of october 1933, four months since the kansas city massacre prompted president roosevelt to declare a war on crime, john dillinger's daring robberies, bonnie and clyde's bloody shootouts, and the fbi's manhunt for machine gun kelly had captured the attention of the american public and perhaps their hearts as well.
00:36:36Since most americans weren't putting their money in banks or had already lost what little they had, many saw these so-called "public enemies" not as criminals but as heroes.
00:36:47>> Nobody had money.
00:36:48Nobody had jobs.
00:36:50Everybody blamed the banks.
00:36:51>> When all of a sudden, it seems, out of nowhere, you start getting these young people like john dillinger robbing banks, you know, an awful lot of people cheered him on.
00:37:00>> narrator: THAT OCTOBER, Machine gun kelly and john dillinger were behind bars.
00:37:05But that was about to change.
00:37:10Lima, ohio.
00:37:11October 12, 1933.
00:37:15At the jail where john dillinger is being held, sheriff jesse sarber is finishing up some paperwork when three men pull up outside.
00:37:24Two of them are john dillinger's old friends from charles makley and pete pierpont.
00:37:30They'd busted out just two weeks earlier with dillinger's help.
00:37:34>> Dillinger connived to sneak three guns into michigan city prison.
00:37:40And from what I read, everything--it was so easy, it was pathetic.
00:37:47>> narrator: NOW OUT OF PRISON, Dillinger's buddies have come to return the favor.
00:37:52[gunshot] >> Dillinger heard the gunshot go off.
00:37:57He knew that somebody had arrived for him.
00:38:01>> narrator: SHERIFF SARBER IS Shot.
00:38:06>> When john dillinger comes out and sees jesse sarber laying on the floor, he kneels down beside him and looks up at harry pierpont and says, " >> john took it very hard.
00:38:20Apparently, he did make "was it necessary to " because he was being treated real, real good.
00:38:29>> narrator: SARBER DIES Later that night.
00:38:34Auburn, indiana.
00:38:36Two nights after pierpont helps break dillinger out of jail, both men walk into auburn's police station.
00:38:45At gunpoint, they lock the only two cops on duty in a cell.
00:38:49Then they take the key to the gun cabinet.
00:38:52>> This was unheard of.
00:38:54No one had the nerve to walk into a police department and disarm the police.
00:38:59>> narrator: NO ONE, THAT IS, But john dillinger.
00:39:03That night, the gang makes off with shotguns, pistols, the department's only thompson, and, perhaps most important of all, bulletproof vests.
00:39:13>> Anything like--that the typical policeman might be 38 special, .32-caliber, something in that range--the vest would stop any rounds like that.
00:39:26>> narrator: PERU, INDIANA.
00:39:28Six days after the auburn heist, dillinger is getting increasingly cocky.
00:39:33He and the gang get the drop on the cops a second time, robbing another indiana police station.
00:39:39This time, dillinger steals more bulletproof vests, two thompsons, and even the badges of the cops on duty.
00:39:49Brainerd, minnesota.
00:39:50Three days after dillinger robbed the auburn police station, baby face nelson is planning his second bank job.
00:39:59He watches intently as a guard unlocks the door of a small-town minnesota bank.
00:40:08This time, nelson's done his homework.
00:40:12He knows the bank's vault has a timed lock and it's about to go off.
00:40:18Timed locks had come into use IN THE 1870s AND ALLOWED SAFES Only to be opened only at certain times.
00:40:26By casing the bank, robbers could determine when the vault could be opened.
00:40:33That october morning, nelson makes off with $32,000--enough cash, in 1933, to buy more than two dozen new cars.
00:40:46Greencastle, indiana-- a little less than six hours later and 100 miles to the south, five men, including john dillinger, pete pierpont, and charles makley, walk into central national bank of greencastle, indiana.
00:41:01Pierpont, who once worked in a nearby gravel pit, is familiar with the town of 5,000 but is hardly afraid to show his face.
00:41:11The raid goes perfectly.
00:41:12There are no shots, no alarms.
00:41:16>> As the gang exited the bank, there was one gentleman running up to the bank to make a last-minute deposit, and he reached in his coat, and pierpont, thinking the gentleman s pulling a gun, slapped the gentlemen.
00:41:31>> narrator: THE TAKE IS $75,000, A little more than twice what baby face nelson made off with just hours earlier in minnesota.
00:41:41Out of jail for less than two weeks, dillinger's seemingly unstoppable rampage through the upper midwest is making a mockery of local cops and g-men alike.
00:41:50Now, flush with cash and heavily armed, his gang is ready to hit the big time: Chicago, the biggest city in the midwest and, ever since prohibition, a haven for mobsters and criminals.
00:42:07>> A lot of criminals went to chicago.
00:42:09You know, it was a crowded place, a lot of nightclubs.
00:42:13They could actually go there and have a good time and feel safe in chicago.
00:42:18>> John dillinger probably had pegged it the best.
00:42:21He said, "you know, if you're a guy and you drive a big fancy car into any small town in america, 15 minutes goes by, and everybody in that whole town " said, "you know, you take that same car; you drive it into the middle of a big city like chicago, who cares that you're " >> narrator: THAT FALL, Dillinger settles into a spacious apartment near the prosperous chicago suburb of oak park and hits the city's club scene.
00:42:46>> John would pretty much hide in plain sight.
00:42:49He'd go out to the nightclubnd have fun, drink.
00:42:54>> narrator: STEPPING OUT WITH Dillinger was a new girlfriend, nightclub dancer evelyn "billie" frechette.
00:43:00>> She was in a club one night, and john dillinger spotted her from across the room, and the way it's told, john dillinger walked across the room and said, "where you have you been " >> narrator: LIVING LARGE OFF The gang's greencastle score, dillinger bought himself a new car and a $150 fur coat for frechette.
00:43:22For the next month, they wined and dined in chicago's finest clubs and restaurants.
00:43:27But the money wouldn't last forever.
00:43:33Racine, wisconsin.
00:43:35After a few weeks off, the dillinger gang gets back to business, robbing a bank just north of chicago.
00:43:43But this job wouldn't go as smoothly as the last.
00:43:47>> Pierpont went in first, and dillinger, makley, and hamilton followed him in.
00:43:52And for some reason, makley stayed on the bank floor, but he went over to a cage and told the tellers to "stick them up.
00:44:01" one guy was counting money at a closed window.
00:44:05He didn't look up.
00:44:05He heard him, but he didn't look up, and so he said it ..
00:44:10[gunshot] And, uh, makley shot him.
00:44:14He was wounded, but it wasn't fatal.
00:44:18>> narrator: BUT AS HE FALLS, He hits the burglar alarm.
00:44:26Cops quickly surround the bank.
00:44:28To escape, the gang takes the bank president, a teller, and a policeman hostage.
00:44:35[tense music] ♪ ♪
00:44:41once they've made their escape, the outlaws release the hostages unharmed on the edge of town.
00:44:46One of them tells the press he had a pretty good time with the dillinger gang.
00:44:51>> And they're like, "oh, how terrible was it?
00:44:53" he goes, "well, we just kind of drank a little bit and rode around.
00:44:57We sanglittle brown jugand a couple of other songs, " and, you know, he was like-- he'd have stuck with him for another two days if they'd have kept him, you know.
00:45:04>> I don't think it was an accident.
00:45:06I think the gangsters knew they had to keep the people on their side because they certainly didn't have the fbi on their side.
00:45:13>> narrator: AND AS THE Depression deepened, it began to seem like the whole country was on the side of the outlaws.
00:45:20>> Every time someone robbed one of these financial institutions, people would-- virtually cheer would them on.
00:45:24>> We couldn't take back what the banks took from us, but we could sure admire those who tried.
00:45:29THAT WAS A SLOGAN OF THE '30s.
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00:49:05>> narrator: NEW YEARS EVE, 1933.
00:49:09America is in no mood to celebrate.
00:49:13A few weeks earlier, the country had been hit by a blizzard but not of snow.
00:49:18High winds across the great plains swept millions of tons of drought-wracked topsoil into the air.
00:49:24>> They had mile-high dust storms they dubbed "black blizzards" battering the state, you know.
00:49:30And farmers were really up against it.
00:49:33>> narrator: BLOWN EAST, THE Dust clouds drifted as far as new york and boston, where streetlamps burned in the middle of the day.
00:49:41It was a fitting end to a horrible year.
00:49:44>> And you had a lot of religious groups thinking this is the end of the world.
00:49:49>> narrator: UP IN WASHINGTON, Bureau of investigation director edgar hoover couldn't do anything about the dark clouds blotting out the sun.
00:49:58But he could do something about the criminals storming ..
00:50:02Or at least try.
00:50:04He began the new year vowing to put outlaws like baby face nelson, bonnie and clyde, and john dillinger behind bars.
00:50:12Hoover pumped up the number of agents in the bureau's field offices, especially chicago.
00:50:17Staffed by 80 clean-cut young bureaucrats, it was the bureau's largest office.
00:50:23The man hoover put in charge was a dapper young southern lawyer named melvin purvis.
00:50:29>> He was an incredibly well-intentioned young man-- and very young, about 29, with a squeaky little voice.
00:50:36The problem with melvin purvis is, he had almost no law enforcement experience at all.
00:50:45>> narrator: EAST CHICAGO, Indiana.
00:50:47Two weeks into the new year and nearly a month since his last job, dillinger is back in business, robbing a bank in east chicago.
00:50:57As the gang leaves, dillinger hands a customer back the money he had just received from cashing his paycheck, saying, "we don't want your money, just " and that wasn't all dillinger did to keep the people on his side.
00:51:12>> There was a lot of sympathy for john dillinger.
00:51:14I mean, he'd go into these banks they'd just--you know, the day before had foreclosed on some farm owned by someone that everyone knew in the area.
00:51:22And he goes in and goes in and pull that deeds and tears them up.
00:51:28Of course they liked that.
00:51:30>> narrator: BAGS FILLED WITH Cash, the gang members make their getaway, pushing hostages ahead of them for protection.
00:51:37Waiting outside are seven east chicago cops.
00:51:41One of them, detective pat o'malley, gets a clear shot at dillinger.
00:51:45[gunshots] Fortunately for dillinger, he's wearing one of the stolen bulletproof vests.
00:51:53>> The bullets bounced off dillinger's vest.
00:51:56Dillinger turned and said, "you asked for it," and then fired at o'malley, aiming for his legs, hoping to knock him down, cripple him--not kill him, which sounds very much like dillinger.
00:52:10And o'malley fell forward into the line of fire, and a bullet passed through his heart.
00:52:15>> narrator: DETECTIVE O'MALLEY Dies instantly.
00:52:19Dillinger has ever killed.
00:52:22>> Dillinger was certainly willing to use violence, but he was much more into the, "let's get in, get out, get the money, keep the, you know, risk " >> narrator: DILLINGER, FEARING The heat he's brought down by killing a cop, decides to drop out of sight.
00:52:39He and the gang head west.
00:52:45Eastham, texas.
00:52:46The day after dillinger shoots o'malley in chicago, prisoners are at work in a field outside the notorious penal farm where clyde barrow had once been a prisoner.
00:52:59Suddenly, one of them reaches into a culvert and pulls out a gun.
00:53:02[gun shot] The gun had been stashed there by clyde a few days earlier.
00:53:09>> All along, clyde had wanted to seek revenge on the prison system.
00:53:14In his own words, he wanteto "raid that place, turn all the convicts loose, and shoot every " >> narrator: THE INMATES KILL One guard during the escape and wound another.
00:53:28When word gets out that clyde barrow was behind the breakout, the head of texas prisons calls in veteran texas ranger frank hamer.
00:53:37>> Frank hamer was a legend.
00:53:40He had become a texas ranger when rangers still rode horses across the prairie, and by his own admission, he'd killed 53 men.
00:53:49>> narrator: HAMER NOW HAD Orders to add one more man to his tally: clyde barrow.
00:53:58Tucson, arizona.
00:53:59A week after clyde helps his friends bust out of the eastham prison farm, fire breaks out in tucson's finest hotel, the congress.
00:54:09Tucson seemed like a world away from the crime spree sweeping through america's midwest.
00:54:14A sleepy, old west town of 30,000 with hitching posts on the sidewalks, tucson was a throwback to an era when outlaws rode horses, not HIGH-POWERED V-8s.
00:54:28In the alley next to the hotel, two men are raising a ladder to a second-floor window.
00:54:34When firefighters arrive and ask why they're trying to get into a burning building, the men explain they need to rescue their luggage from the flames.
00:54:43>> Two firemen went upstairs and got the bags, which were tremendously heavy.
00:54:48They were going to drop them out the window, but, "eh, no, don't do that.
00:54:54" and so they came down, and they gave them 12 bucks, which was a big tip.
00:55:02>> narrator: THE NEXT DAY, WHILE Readingtrue detectivemagazine, one of the firemen comes across photos of the dillinger gang.
00:55:09Two of the faces seem awfully familiar.
00:55:12It's dillinger gang members charles makley and russell clark.
00:55:17>> They said, "hey, those are the guys that we gave-- " well, they put two and two together and contacted the police, and the police were now looking for the gang members.
00:55:29>> narrator: THE GANG, HALFWAY Across the country from the usual hideouts, has let its guard down.
00:55:35The next afternoon, police arrested makley and clark at a tourist bungalow outside of tucson.
00:55:41A few hours later, they also had dillinger gang member pete pierpont in custody.
00:55:47There is only one man left.
00:55:51At dusk, the cops are still watching the gang's hideout when john dillinger drives up.
00:56:05The police take him without a fight.
00:56:08In a single day, tucson's old-west lawmen, armed with little more than six-guns, had done what the fbi couldn't.
00:56:17>> It was a great coup, one of the greatest in the history of crime, I guess, to nail the dillinger gang without firing a shot.
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01:00:21>> narrator: DURING THE GREAT Depression, even hollywood seemed to be overrun by colorful gangsters.
01:00:27>> Some of the hollywood movie heroes of the day seemed to be these gangsters with hearts of gold.
01:00:33>> narrator: GANGSTERS, DURING The great depression, were also box office gold.
01:00:381931'Sthe public enemy,the movie that made cagney an a-list actor, proved so popular upon release that a theater in new york's times square ran it around the clock.
01:00:50>> There's a tremendous fascination with gangsters in THE '30s, A lot of them considered to be robin hood-type individuals.
01:00:58>> narrator: AND IN JANUARY OF 1934, Seven months since the start of the crime wave, the nation was about to get its first good look at the man destined to become america's greatest gangster idol.
01:01:10Only this time, the hoodlum with the quick wit and lopsided grin wasn't an actor.
01:01:16He was the most infamous bank john dillinger, captured by arizona police and caught on film by the latest innovation in news reporting.
01:01:26>> They would have newsreels.
01:01:27See,ou didn't have cnn in THE 1930s, AND THE NEWSREELS Were obsessed with john dillinger and his dashing shootouts and his escapes.
01:01:37>> narrator: FIVE DAYS AFTER HIS Arrest in arizona, a plane carrying john dillinger landed at the lake county airport.
01:01:43There he was greeted by a huge crowd and escorted to jail by more than 100 heavily armed police.
01:01:50The authorities weren't taking any chances this time.
01:01:53>> State police, east chicago police, crown point police, hannah police-- and they had them strung out along the highway 'cause they were afraid the gang--he might have enough gang somewhere.
01:02:05>> narrator: DILLINGER AND HIS Police escort did reach the jail.
01:02:09There, before a crowd of reporters, the outlaw staged an impromptu press conference.
01:02:16>> Everybody's laughing and joking around.
01:02:18And dillinger, he came across like a regular guy that you would want to know.
01:02:26>> He was a nice-looking fella.
01:02:28He smiled when he talked.
01:02:29He joked.
01:02:30He didn't seem evil.
01:02:31He didn't have a gun.
01:02:33He didn't seem threatening, and this added to the idea that these people really weren't out to hurt anybody.
01:02:38They were just out to rob the banks, and that was okay with a lot of people.
01:02:43>> narrator: FROM THAT MOMENT On, dillinger was more than just a midwestern bank robber.
01:02:48>> Dillinger became as big a celebrity as charlie chaplin, barnum-- any of the celebrities of that general period of time.
01:02:59>> narrator: WHILE DILLINGER IS Up in indiana playing to the newsreel cameras, bonnie and clyde are down in texa playing to a kodak brownie they had stolen from an oklahoma shopkeeper.
01:03:11>> They're holding each other.
01:03:12They're all cuddled up next to each other.
01:03:14In one case, clyde's holding bonnie on his shoulders.
01:03:17>> narrator: OTHER SNAPSHOTS Featured clyde brandishing his or bonnie striking her own tough pose, pistol in hand, a cigar dangling from her lips.
01:03:27>> They were having a good time, you know?
01:03:29They had no idea.
01:03:30I think they were just having fun.
01:03:31They're gag shots.
01:03:33>> narrator: POLICE RECOVERED The undeveloped film in abandoned hideouts and ditched getaway cars across the southwest.
01:03:41Processed and leaked to the press, the legend of bonnie and clyde was born.
01:03:48>> They seemed to be romantic, tragic characters, two lovers going out and rampaging around the countryside committing crimes.
01:03:56It captured the imagination.
01:03:59>> narrator: BUT BEFORE LONG, It's dillinger who'll once again capture america's imagination.
01:04:07Crown point, indiana, march 3, 1934.
01:04:1300 in the morning when a guard lets a janitor inside dillinger's cellblock.
01:04:19Once the janitor's locked in, the guard throws a lever opening the cellblock doors.
01:04:26There are 14 other inmates in dillinger's cellblock, and some of them step into the corridor as the janitor makes his way in to clean the first cell.
01:04:35But john dillinger is waiting for him.
01:04:38>> Put it down!
01:04:39>> And the moment he walked in there, john dillinger stuck the gun in his ribs and said, "get " >> narrator: KEEPING HIS GUN IN The janitor's gut, dillinger motions for the guard, ernest blunk, to step into one of the cells.
01:04:56>> He used ernest blunk as bait to lure ten more guards and one by one lock them in these cells.
01:05:04>> narrator: IT'S ONLY AFTER ALL The guards are behind bars that dillinger gives them a good look at his gun.
01:05:11It's made of wood.
01:05:12>> Was it something that he carved in the jail cell?
01:05:15Was it something someone got to him?
01:05:16How did it happen?
01:05:17We don't know for sure.
01:05:19But it really created the mystue of dillinger.
01:05:22Here was a guy who could, it seemed, get out of anywhere.
01:05:26>> narrator: DILLINGER WALKS OUT Of the crown point jail and onto the front page.
01:05:31>> Dillinger was on the cover of every newspaper in america.
01:05:34He was in newsreels, movies, books, magazines.
01:05:37>> While dillinger was, in retrospect, you'd have to say, a very talented and professional bank robber, what really made his legend were his escapes from jails.
01:05:48>> narrator: DILLINGER'S Celebrity status may have been good for the boys in the pressroom, but for dillinger, the publicity would bring even more heat from law enforcement, especially the fbi.
01:05:59>> The society of american magicians gave john dillinger its harry houdini award for the escape.
01:06:08>> narrator: BUT DILLINGER'S Latest great escape would be the least of hoover's problems.
01:06:14In fact, he would soon have double the trouble.
01:06:20Sioux falls, south dakota.
01:06:22Just three days after bluffing his way out of jail, john dillinger is back to robbing banks.
01:06:33And he's teamed up with none other than baby face nelson.
01:06:38>> It was the first time that the two collaborated in a bank robbery.
01:06:42>> It was really a matter of convenience to john dillinger.
01:06:46He had no gang of his own now, and baby face nelson was a good option for that.
01:06:53>> narrator: FROM THE BEGINNING, It's clear the two outlaws have very different styles.
01:06:58>> The gang members didn't get along too well.
01:07:00Nelson thought the gang was his.
01:07:02Dillinger kind of thought it was his.
01:07:04>> Nelson spotted an off-duty policeman, hale keith, walking towards the bank.
01:07:10Nelson jumped up, fired through the window at keith and shot him and wounded him and jumped up and down and screamed, "i got him.
01:07:18" >> narrator: THEN OUTSIDE THE Bank, baby face goes berserk.
01:07:24[machine gun fire] >> Nelson actually began spinning around and firing his machine gun just wildly at women and children, at storefronts, and laughing.
01:07:34Now, who does that?
01:07:36>> Nelson enjoyed violence, the danger in the brisk firefight, and he was more than willing to kill in cold blood if need be.
01:07:43>> narrator: THE TAKE IS $49,500--Not a bad haul, but it has to be split five ways.
01:07:51And dillinger is increasingly nervous about his new partner.
01:07:56Even so, in the ten days after his jailbreak, dillinger and nelson crisscross six states, rob two banks, and steal nearly $100,000.
01:08:06Law enforcement appears powerless to stop them.
01:08:09>> One thing that really sets the outlaws of the great depression apart from any other period is how they grabbed ahold of the technology of the day and used it in a way lawmen couldn't use it, usually for economic reasons.
01:08:24Lawmen couldn't afford the cars that these outlaws were stealing.
01:08:31>> narrator: DALLAS, TEXAS.
01:08:33It's early morning.
01:08:35Bonnie and clyde wait on a deserted stretch of road outside dallas.
01:08:39For the past month, they've robbed their way through arkansas, missouri, and iowa.
01:08:44Now they're back in texas and hoping to spend some time with their families.
01:08:49With them is one of the inmates clyde helped break out of the eastham prison farm three months earlier, a 21-year-old kid from louisiana named henry methvin.
01:08:59>> Henry methvin was a longtime highway robber.
01:09:02That was his deal.
01:09:04He would accost people on the highway and either steal their car or their money or all of it.
01:09:10>> narrator: LIKE CLYDE, Methvin's also a ruthless killer, as he's about to prove.
01:09:16>> Two motorcycle officers just happened to see the car parked there, and they come back to investigate.
01:09:24>> Henry pops the first one.
01:09:26Second one, clyde pops him.
01:09:28[machine gun fire] >> Bonnie and clyde leave the state immediately with henry methvin.
01:09:42They go up to oklahoma, up to one of barrow's favorite parts of oklahoma, that far northeastern corner of oklahoma, 'cause it's so close to so many state lines.
01:09:55>> narrator: FIVE DAYS LATER, Just after midnight, clyde pulls the ford onto a dirt road near the kansas state line.
01:10:01The gang, with their brownings in easy reach, beds down for the night.
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01:13:47>> narrator: 1934 WAS A DARK Year for the roosevelt administration.
01:13:51They were fighting a war on two fronts right in the heart of america.
01:13:56The great depression had turned many americans against the government and the country's financial institutions.
01:14:02>> Banks were the enemies 'cause they were taking people's homes and taking their worldly goods, and then when the--when the stock market broke, if you had money in the bank, you just lost everything you had.
01:14:12>> The banks, in order to save their own money, started foreclosing on farms.
01:14:17And they were foreclosing on these farms at a rate of 200 per week here in oklahoma.
01:14:22So it was a public relations disaster for the banks.
01:14:26>> narrator: WORSE, AN Increasingly bold and increasingly popular group of outlaws was making a mockery of both the few banks that remained afloat and the government's efforts to control crime.
01:14:38>> It was only natural that a great many people in the country thought, "well, hell, someone who robs banks can't be all bad," and people actually cheered for the likes of dillinger and nelson.
01:14:48>> You can go back and read the letters to the editors columns in the milwaukee papers and the chicago papers, in indianapolis in '33 and '34, and there were these letters printed: People saying, "why are you going after john dillinger?
01:15:00He didn't do anything to me that my own banker hadn't already " >> narrator: SOME TOS, LIKE paul, minnesota, actually welcomed the gangsters, offering them safe haven in exchange for sparing the town's banks and citizens.
01:15:15>> In the official 1914 paul police yearbook, the police, in a public book, talk about the deal, the "understanding" that the paul police had with the gangsters.
01:15:28And the police actually wrote in the police annual for the general public, "as a result of our understanding with the crooks, never before in paul .." and then they add, "and the virtue of our women " paul knew that gangsters were welcome in this city, but they had made a devil's bargain.
01:15:56>> narrator: THE SITUATION WAS Indeed getting desperate, but before the year was out, roosevelt and the fbi would declare victory on at least one ..
01:16:05But not before making some historic and costly blunders.
01:16:13Commerce, oklahoma.
01:16:15Five days after killing two cops in texas, the barrow gang is just outside commerce, oklahoma.
01:16:22>> Passersby keep reporting to the local law, there's some drunks parked out on the road outside of town.
01:16:30>> narrator: AT AROUND 9:00 That morning, two local lawmen, commerce police chief percy boyd and constable clay campbell, drive out to investigate.
01:16:40>> They are just expecting a couple of drunks, and then, all of a sudden, somebody jumps out of the car and started firing at the two officers.
01:16:48[gunfire] >> narrator: WITHIN SECONDS, Clay campbell is dead.
01:16:56And chief boyd is wounded.
01:16:59>> Percy boyd, luckily, was just creased in the temple and knocked out temporarily.
01:17:04When he woke up, henry methvin was standing over him, saying, " >> narrator: WITH BOYD IN THE Back, clyde drives north, into kansas.
01:17:13>> He was in that car so long that, by his account, he and bonnie kind of struck up a friendship.
01:17:19So when they let him off by the side of the road and gave him bus money to ride back home, he said, "bonnie, what do you want me to tell the " she said, "tell them I don't " she hated that picture.
01:17:37>> narrator: MOORESVILLE, Indiana.
01:17:39The next day and 100 miles north, a family reunion is in full swing at the dillinger family farm.
01:17:48>> Dillinger's sister cooked a big meal, and the family more or less had a chance to see him one last time.
01:17:57>> narrator: WITH DILLINGER Is his long-time girlfriend, evelyn "billie" frechette, who he introduces as his wife.
01:18:04>> Billie was probably the most loyal woman he'd ever met.
01:18:08I mean, he went through, you know, the robberies, some of the hardest times in his life.
01:18:11She was right there with him.
01:18:13>> narrator: DILLINGER POSES For a few photographs and gives his father the wooden gun from his crown point breakout.
01:18:20But when his father tells him the fbi has recently begun keeping an eye on the farm, the reunion is cut short.
01:18:28 edgar hoover had begun to see the fbi not as a branch of the justice department but as a national police force, a powerful agency with jurisdiction from the atlantic to the pacific.
01:18:44And he saw himself as america's sheriff.
01:18:48>> There are three needs in america today in law the elimination of politics in law enforcement, emphasis on efficiency, and cooperation between police agencies.
01:18:59We should all be concerned with the eradication of crime.
01:19:04>> That means, gangsters, you can't get away with it.
01:19:08>> narrator: TO HOOVER, The capture--or, better yet, killing--of dillinger would be the perfect launching pad for his plan to turn the fbi into the all-powerful, all-knowing federal crime-fighting agency he envisioned.
01:19:22>> Hoover sends out a shoot-to-kill order: "When you find dillinger, basically, kill him, and then I'll ask questions.
01:19:30" >> narrator: ALTHOUGH, WHEN IT Came to actual police work, hoover's bureau still had a lot to learn, which became all the more obvious when they sent agents to check out the dillinger family farm.
01:19:44>> The fbi really didn't know much about surveillance.
01:19:46They brought in two real wet-behind-the-ear kids-- one of them just off the streets of new york the day before, the one from cincinnati-- and asked 'em to drive by the farmhouse every now and then and check on it.
01:19:58>> narrator: WHEN DILLINGER AND Frechette leave the farm, they drive right past the two agents.
01:20:03>> These two young fbi guys drive by, look him dead in the face, and drive on.
01:20:10And about a mile later, one of 'em looks to the other and goes, ..
01:20:14" >> narrator: THE REALIZATION Comes too late.
01:20:18The infamous bank robber is long gone.
01:20:25From indiana, dillinger and frechette drove to chicago.
01:20:30The next afternoon, frechette ran into an old friend at a downtown bar who said he'd help them find a place to hide out in chicago.
01:20:39They agreed to meet later that night at a bar called the tumble inn.
01:20:44The friend turned out to be a police informant.
01:20:48By late afternoon, the information was in the hands of special agent melvin purvis, head of the fbi's chicago office.
01:21:00Chicago.
01:21:018:30 P.m.
01:21:04Dillinger waits in the car while frechette goes into the tumble inn to arrange for the hideout.
01:21:10Once inside, fbi agents immediately arrest her.
01:21:14>> He was parked outside, and they did not see him, and they picked her up, and they walked out, and they basically walked right past him.
01:21:25>> narrator: DILLINGER ESCAPES, His second close call in little more than 24 hours.
01:21:32Frechette would eventually be convicted of aiding and abetting and spend two years in prison.
01:21:37But her arrest was little consolation for the agents who let dillinger get away.
01:21:42>> Everybody caught it from hoover on that one.
01:21:45I mean, the memos were steaming hot.
01:21:50>> narrator: BEFORE THE MONTH Was out, agent purvis would get a chance to redeem himself.
01:21:54But this one would go much, much worse.
01:22:01Manitowish, wisconsin.
01:22:03Less than two weeks after frechette's arrest, a still distraught john dillinger pulls into the driveway of little bohemia, a remote tourist lodge in northern wisconsin.
01:22:15>> Wisconsin as a state was enormously popular with gangsters.
01:22:20Al capone of chicago, scarface, had a place in wisconsin thang membs, and their wives and girlfriends.
01:22:33The inn was run by a minor underworld figure named emil wanatka.
01:22:40>> It was a very small town.
01:22:41Everyone knew everybody, and one or two people actually read the newspapers and had seen dillinger's picture.
01:22:48To make a long story short, one of the innkeeper's family members decided, "you know, we might be in some trouble.
01:22:56" and they called the fbi.
01:23:00>> narrator: MELVIN PURVIS Phoned the information to hoover in washington.
01:23:04The bureau chief's orders were " edgar hoover's telling him, "look, I want this guy " edgar hoover wanted him yesterday.
01:23:17>> narrator: IN A MATTER OF Hours, purvis scrambled to put together a raid on the outlaw's remote hideout.
01:23:2300 that afternoon, nearly two dozen agents converged on wisconsin via artered flights from chicago and st. paul.
01:23:32But with commercial aviation still in its infancy, the rough ride left the agents rattled.
01:23:39>> It was very bad weather, the flight over.
01:23:41Even the pilot got airsick.
01:23:44>> narrator: AND THE FLIGHT WAS Nothing compared to the chaos that awaited the agents on the ground.
01:23:49>> Unfortunately, the fbi really at that point had never attempted anything vaguely like an arrest on this scale.
01:23:56They really had no idea how to coordinate multiple agents.
01:24:00>> Planning was poor.
01:24:01Our intelligence about what was going on there and what the situation was on the ground was poor.
01:24:06>> narrator: JUST HOW POOR Would soon be apparent.
01:24:11Just after nightfall, 21 agents arrive at the little bohemia lodge.
01:24:17It's pitch black and bitter cold under the tall pines as the agents step out of thr cars.
01:24:24Seconds later, three men appear on the lodge's porch, get into a car, and start down the drive.
01:24:34>> Stop!
01:24:36Stop!
01:24:37[machine gun fire] >> narrator: TWO MEN STUMBLE Out, wounded, while the driver slumps over the wheel, dead.
01:24:49>> The agents assumed that these men were part of the john dillinger gang.
01:24:56>> narrator: BUT THEY'RE NOT.
01:24:57They're workers from a nearby camp run by the civil conservation corps, a new deal program designed to give jobs to the unemployed.
01:25:05>> They were just there having a sunday evening drink and--at the wrong time.
01:25:14>> narrator: INSIDE, THE GANG Grabs their guns and scrambles into position.
01:25:19As purvis approaches the lodge, a man steps out from the side of the building and fires at him with a pistol.
01:25:27>> The bullets sort of hit him next to his feet, and he had a machine gun, which jammed, and so he started returning the fire with a pistol.
01:25:37>> narrator: UPSTAIRS, A MAN Appears at a second-story window.
01:25:40He opens up with a tommy gun.
01:25:47The agents fan out and take cover.
01:25:51It appears the fbi has john dillinger cornered.
01:25:57Purvis and his men settle in to wait.
01:26:02>> When the shooting stopped, it was quiet, and they launched some tear gas grenades into the house.
01:26:13>> narrator: BUT NO ONE Comes out.
01:26:14Instead, while the agents wait in front, dillinger and three other gang members jump out a back window, make their way down to the beach, and, hidden by a slope, escape unnoticed along the water's edge.
01:26:27>> They went down--oh, must be, I'd say, a good mile and a half, and they crossed the road, and they got a car.
01:26:36>> narrator: BABY FACE NELSON, The man purvis had seen firing a pistol, also escapes, running in the opposite direction.
01:26:44>> Baby face nelson gets separated in the dark from dillinger and ends up running into a nearby home, takes the owners hostage, and is in the process of stealing their car when a crowd of fbi agents drives up.
01:27:00>> narrator: THE AGENTS HAVE NO Idea they've happened upon the trigger-happy nelson.
01:27:06>> He jumped out.
01:27:07He was quick as a cat.
01:27:08And he went around and started shooting.
01:27:10[gunfire] >> narrator: WHEN THE SHOOTING Stops, one of the lawmen is dead.
01:27:19Two others are wounded.
01:27:21Nelson jumps in their car and drives off, and the raid on little bohemia is over.
01:27:30Rather than capture the dillinger gang, the bureau had killed an innocent man, seriously wounded two others, and gotten one of their own agents killed.
01:27:39Hoover and his national police force were a laughingstock.
01:27:44>> After the little bohemia shootout, will rogers actually said, "you know, dillinger had better be careful.
01:27:50He's going to be standing with some innocent bystanders someday, and he's gonna get " >> narrator: JUST AS Frustrating for hoover, the shootout dubbed "the battle of little bohemia" by the press only added to dillinger's reputation.
01:28:04>> The little bohemia shootout, dillinger's escape, was a thermonuclear bomb.
01:28:09I mean, it was electrifying.
01:28:10It was the lead story in every newspaper in the united states.
01:28:14>> narrator: EVEN HIS VICTIMS Seemed to be infatuated with him.
01:28:18>> The proprietor, emil wanatka, and his helpers were virtual prisoners.
01:28:23>> Well, saturday, I found out it was dillinger.
01:28:25I thought it was, from the papers--seen him.
01:28:28While he was here these two days, we had a lot of fun.
01:28:30He's a good card player and was a very congenial fellow.
01:28:34 mitchell, at whose place dillinger seized a car after his getaway from the lodge, tells of her encounter with the gang.
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01:32:28>> narrator: IN MAY OF 1934, Almost a year after the kansas city massacre, the federal government's war on crime seemed all but lost.
01:32:37Although machine gun kelly was behind bars, the bureau had let john dillinger and baby face nelson slip through their fingers at little bohemia.
01:32:46E barrow gang had killed three more lawmen in just the past month, bringing the total to 13.
01:32:52But the tide was about to turn.
01:32:56After more than a year on the lam, bonnie parker and clyde barrow were tired of running.
01:33:02They'd begun to set up housekeeping in an abandoned shack not far from the family farm of gang member henry methvin.
01:33:09>> It was a pretty good hideout.
01:33:10They were just squatters because nobody laid claim.
01:33:14It was john cole's place, but nobody was using it or anything.
01:33:19>> I think they had become very comfortable with that spot.
01:33:22They were able to feel like they could move around and others weren't gonna bother them.
01:33:29>> narrator: CLYDE EVEN Believed that he and bonnie could settle in louisiana and make a new start.
01:33:34>> Clyde hadn't done anything in louisiana, so as a result, he was cool.
01:33:39>> narrator: BUT THE SEEDS OF Clyde's betrayal had already been sown.
01:33:43>> Henry methvin's father talked with one of the deputies they made a deal with the governor of texas that if henry helped ambush bonnie and clyde, then he would be pardoned.
01:34:02>> narrator: GIBBSLAND, Louisiana.
01:34:04May 23, 1934.
01:34:06It's early morning.
01:34:08While bonnie and clyde do a little shopping in town, texas ranger frank hamer and six heavily armed lawmen lie hidden on the side of the road, about a mile from the outlaws' shack.
01:34:20Parked in front of them and partially blocking the road is a truck belonging to henry methvin's father, ivy.
01:34:26>> They had to figure some way to get barrow to stop that car in front of them, so they got that truck out on the road and pretended like it was broken down, knowing that clyde would recognize that truck.
01:34:38>> narrator: THE TRAP IS SET.
01:34:4000 when the lawmen hear the approaching rumble of a v-8 ford.
01:34:49Clyde slows his car as he approaches methvin's truck on the side of the road.
01:34:55Then all hell breaks loose.
01:34:57[gunfire] Hamer and his men fire more than 150 rounds into clyde's ford.
01:35:08When the gunfire finally stops, both bonnie and clyde are dead.
01:35:18>> The first shot fired probably hit clyde in the back of the head and killed him instantly, from the reports of the officers.
01:35:24And then bonnie was screaming, they said, like a wild panther.
01:35:27And she knew what was going on, but it didn't last very long.
01:35:32>> narrator: AS WORD OF THE Ambush spread, a crowd gathered.
01:35:37>> People were trying to get pieces off the car.
01:35:41They were trying to get-- cut locks off of bonnie's hair.
01:35:46There was one guy had a hold of clyde's trigger finger and had his knife and was fixing to bring it down.
01:35:51He was gonna cut clyde's trigger finger off, and frank hamer stopped him from doing that.
01:35:58>> narrator: EVEN LARGER CROWDS Assembled on may 25th, when bonnie's body was displayed at a dallas funeral home.
01:36:05Witnesses claimed as many as 20,000 people filed through for a glimpse of the outlaw.
01:36:11News of the tragic lovers made national headlines.
01:36:15>> When bonnie and clyde were shot down, newspaper editors across the country put 'em on the front pages.
01:36:20The only time clyde barrow ever made the front page of thenew york timeswas the day after he died.
01:36:29>> narrator: CHICAGO.
01:36:31The day after bonnie is buried in dallas, john dillinger is holed up in a house on chicago's south side.
01:36:39The outlaw is about to shed his now famous face.
01:36:43Pioneered to repair disfiguring wounds in the awful aftermath OF WORLD WAR I, BY THE 1930s, Plastic surgery had already become a common practice in hollywood and the underworld.
01:36:56>> Quite a few of the gangsters OF THE 1930s HAD PLASTIC SURGERY And, in particular, had attempts to remove their fingerprints with acid.
01:37:08The state of underworld cosmetic surgery was extremely bad, and often, the surgery would go awry with great pain.
01:37:17>> narrator: AND THIS OPERATION Is no exception.
01:37:20Dillinger nearly dies on the operating table from too much ether.
01:37:24>> The irony is, is dillinger was so famous, no amount of cosmetic surgery would have hid the fact.
01:37:31By that time, dillinger was as famous as elvis presley was IN THE 1950s.
01:37:38>> narrator: AND LIKE THE KING, Dillinger was about to get a new nickname.
01:37:43On the same day dillinger celebrated his 31st birthday, attorney general homer cummings referred to dillinger as public enemy number one.
01:37:52>> Criminals had been referred to as public enemies for decades, and it seemed to just capture the imagination.
01:37:59>> narrator: ONCE THE PRESS Started using it, the name stuck.
01:38:04The next day, the justice department announced a $15,000 reward for the bank robber.
01:38:10But dillinger, feeling secure with his new face, wasn't worried in the least.
01:38:15>> Dillinger seemed pretty confident.
01:38:16He didn't think the feds were onto him, and it's amazing too, because the surgery really hadn't changed his face that much.
01:38:28>> narrator: SOUTH BEND, Indiana.
01:38:30Dillinger is so confident that a week after he's named public enemy number one, the gang pulls another job, stealing $28,000 just east of chicago, in south bend, indiana.
01:38:46Flush with cash and back in chicago, he soon moved in with a new girlfriend: Polly hamilton.
01:38:54>> She reminded him of his old girlfriend, billie frechette, who was then in prison, and he took up with her.
01:39:02>> narrator: THE 2YEAR-OLD Waitre, struggling to survive the depression, hooked on the side.
01:39:08She also saved money by sharing her apartment with another woman, anna sage, a 42-year-old romanian immigrant.
01:39:15>> Anna sage was a notorious madame who had operated in east chicago, indiana, and gary for the past eight years.
01:39:27>> narrator: DILLINGER SPENT The next two weeks taking both women out to nightclubs and the movies.
01:39:32>> He loved when the newsreels came on and he was in it.
01:39:36A lot of people agree that's why he liked movies as much as he did.
01:39:39>> This was john dillinger: Shrewd, arrogant, ruthless.
01:39:44>> narrator: ALTHOUGH THAT Summer, it's dillinger's father who was featured in the newsreels, defending his son.
01:39:51>> I don't think he's hardly had a fair deal.
01:39:53He's been accused of everything ..
01:39:57Every bank or anything that was held up was laid onto john, sometimes two or three different places, all in the same day.
01:40:09>> narrator: HIS FATHER'S PLEA For lenience, however, made little impression edgar hoover's bureau of investigation.
01:40:17Since the disaster at little bohemia two months ago, hoover had put unrelenting pressure on the chicago office not to let dillinger slip through their hands again.
01:40:27The pressure was felt most by melvin purvis.
01:40:31>> My father went back to his office in chicago the next day after little bohemia, and he sat down and resigned from the fbi.
01:40:41Hoover refused to accept the resignation, and I must say thatt the time, hoover stood by my father.
01:40:48>> narrator: PURVIS KNEW, However, that support wouldn't last forever.
01:40:53He needed to get dillinger and soon.
01:40:57And at the end of july, he'd get his chance.
01:41:00And this time, he'd have some help on the inside: anna sage.
01:41:06>> She was facing deportation charges.
01:41:09They were going to deport her back to romania, where she came from.
01:41:12Well, she did not want to leave the states.
01:41:15And she learned that she could make a deal with the fbi, and she saw that as her only ticket to stay in the united states.
01:41:23>> So I went to a policeman I knew, and he arranged a conference with a government agent.
01:41:28>> "I will give up john dillinger," is what anna sage told purvis, "but I'd like something in return.
01:41:35I'd like to get a break from the immigration people " and purvis told her he would do what he could for her.
01:41:44>> narrator: SATISFIED, SAGE Informed purvis that she'd likely accompany dillinger to a movie the next night at chicago's marbro theater.
01:41:52She promised to wear an orange dress so the agents would be able to spot her on the street.
01:42:00Chicago.
01:42:02The next evening, purvis receives a phone call from anna sage.
01:42:06She tells him they are leaving for the theater, either the marbro or another nearby movie house, the biograph.
01:42:15>> So now purvis is all nervous.
01:42:17He doesn't know which theater he's going to, so he has to send half his men to the marbro theatre.
01:42:23>> narrator: ACROSS TOWN, He and another agent station themselves outside the biograph.
01:42:29The movie, a clark gable gangster picture calledmanhattan melodrama, has already started.
01:42:38wantsa dollars.
01:42:40We don't go lower than 130.
01:42:44Big deal, persuade him.
01:42:50Is it wise to allow a perishable item to spoil?
01:42:54He asked, why leave a room empty?
01:42:55The additional revenue easily covers operating costs.
01:42:5865 Dollars is better than no dollars.
01:43:01Okay. $65 for tonight.
01:43:03You can't argue with a big deal.
01:46:29>> narrator: JULY 22, 1934.
01:46:33The crime wave that has gripped the nation for more than a year and made unlikely heroes out of outlaws like bonnie and clyde and john dillinger is now focused on chicago's biograph theater, where fbi agent melvin purvis waits in the shadows.
01:46:48>> Purvis waits what seems like forever for anna to show up with john dillinger, but here he comes, and he spots him, and he's got a woman on each arm.
01:46:57He's got anna on one arm and polly hamilton on the other.
01:47:00And he walks up and buys tickets and goes into the theater.
01:47:06>> narrator: AFTER A SERIES OF Embarrassing blunders and near edgar hoover's grand plan to create a national police force hangs in the balance.
01:47:16>> Bringing dillinger down was absolutely critical to the edgar hoover and the fbi.
01:47:23>> J. edgar hoover is so upset.
01:47:25Dillinger has already escaped from several fbi traps.
01:47:29Hoover wanted dillinger dead.
01:47:30He actually put a "shoot to kill on site" order.
01:47:33He wanted him, and he wanted him dead.
01:47:37>> narrator: WHEN THE CROWD Lets out, agent purvis is waiting by the box office.
01:47:41Dillinger walks past him, barely five feet away.
01:47:45>> They claim purvis and him actually made eye contact, but dillinger really wouldn't have known purvis as well as he would have known many other coppers.
01:47:55>> narrator: NERVOUSLY, PURVIS Tries to light a cigar--the signal for his men to move in.
01:48:00>> Purvis can't get the cigar lit, but some of his men realize what's going on, and they realize this is the signal, so they all start closing in.
01:48:10>> Dillinger senses this, breaks away from the women, darts for an alley, reaching for his gun.
01:48:20>> narrator: HE'S TOO LATE.
01:48:21[gunshot] >> An agent comes up from behind him and shoots him ght in the back of the head, execution style.
01:48:37>> narrator: PUBLIC ENEMY Number one dies without firing a shot.
01:48:42>> Purvis claimed later that he said, "stick 'em up, johnny," or something like that, but in the fbi reports I've seen and in the contemporary newspaper accounts, it looks like they just up and shot him.
01:48:54>> narrator: WORD THAT Dillinger was dead quickly spread through the crowd outside the theater.
01:48:59>> People literally ran over there with their hankies, men did, and staed dipping the corner of the hanky into the pools of blood.
01:49:07>> narrator: DILLINGER'S DEATH Was front-page news across the country.
01:49:11>> His legend was so great that people couldn't believe that the great john dillinger had actually died.
01:49:20>> narrator: DILLINGER'S BODY Was displayed for the cameras at the cook county morgue.
01:49:24>> You got thousands of people wanting to see this body and it's chaos; it's a circus.
01:49:30People are fighting to get in there.
01:49:32>> People literally made a day of it.
01:49:33You know, this is, of course, during the great depression, so it was like "hey, we'll buy a coke, you know.
01:49:38We'll go see john dillinger.
01:49:39" many people stood in line for hours to go past the body only to get back in line and stand for more hours to be able to see it twice.
01:49:51>> narrator: THE STORY OF Dillinger's death instantly assumed mythic proportions, starting with numerous newspaper accounts of a mysterious lady in red, who was, of course, anna sage, although her red dress was actually orange.
01:50:05>> The neon lights on the biograph theater are pink and white.
01:50:09So when she came out, of course, it looked like the red dress, because the way the colors hit it.
01:50:14>> narrator: MELVIN PURVIS WENT From laughingstock to hero.
01:50:18Newsreels profiled him as the man who got dillinger.
01:50:21>> It wasn't until dillinger was killed that most americans realized there was even something called the fbi.
01:50:27The next morning, they woke up and realized there's something called the fbi.
01:50:31>> narrator: WITH DILLINGER Dead, baby face nelson became the focus of the bureau.
01:50:36But unlike dillinger, he won't go down without a fight.
01:50:44Lake geneva, wisconsin.
01:50:46That fall, nelson; his wife, helen; and a member of his new gang are returning to chicago from a visit to the tiny resort town in southeast wisconsin.
01:50:56But the fbi is waiting for them.
01:50:59>> Nelson's car had been hit by the first fbi bullet, which disabled the fuel pump.
01:51:05So he ditched it at the entrance to the city park.
01:51:09>> narrator: MOMENTS LATER, Another fbi car comes around the corner.
01:51:14>> Once getting past, they stopped.
01:51:17Federal agents hollis and cowley, they jumped out of their car about the same time that nelson jumped out of his--and they were maybe 50 or 100 yards apart--and started shooting at one another.
01:51:29>> Nelson just basically decided he was gonna stop and have it out with them.
01:51:33>> He steps out in agents, saying, "i'm gonna GET YOU, YOU S.O.B.s.
01:51:43>> narrator: WHEN THE SHOOTING Stops, the agents are mortally wounded.
01:51:48>> Baby face nelson shot and killed more fbi agents than any man in history.
01:51:54>> narrator: NELSON, ALTHOUGH Hit by 17 bullets, ..
01:52:04But not far.
01:52:07The next morning, chicago police find baby face nelson'slying in a ditch.
01:52:13>> And his wife dumps the body and wraps him in a blanket, she says to keep him warm, because he always--you know, he always hated being cold.
01:52:22>> narrator: THE BIGGEST CRIME Wave in american history was over.
01:52:28Of all the major outlaws, only machine gun kelly wasn't killed by law enforcement.
01:52:34>> Machine gun kelly was july 18,954, when he died of a heart attack on his 54th birthday.
01:52:47>> narrator: MELVIN PURVIS, The man who got dillinger, resigned from the fbi in 1935, all but hounded out of the bureau by his boss, j. edgar hoover.
01:52:59>> Hoover wanted the fbi to be a group of men who worked together who were largely anonymous, and melvin purvis was no longer anonymous.
01:53:06Melvin purvis was a national media star.
01:53:10>> The conventional wisdom is that purvis ended up getting edgar hoover because he had come out as, in a sense, the hero of the dillinger case.
01:53:21And there's some truth to that, although I think the broader story is that hoover was very clearly trying to create an image of the bureau that did not focus on a single individual.
01:53:36>> narrator: EXCEPTING, Of course, hoover himself.
01:53:39 edgar hoover became one of the most powerful men in the of course, as we know today, edgar hoover outlived and outlasted president after president after president.
01:53:52And part of that is the protection of the secrets that j. edgar hoover knew.
01:53:58But part of that was because edgar hoover, who brought down public enemy number o, was the armor edgar hoover what he ultimately became.
01:54:09[gunfire] >> narrator: And it was those 18 months of mayhem that made it possible.
01:54:14Captioning byCaptionMax www.captionmax.com >> It's one of the world's most affordable sources of protein.
01:54:25Hens lay eighty billion a year in the u.s. alone.
01:54:29>> You're looking at a bird that's producing about an egg every day or every other day.
01:54:34>> Grade a, aa, cage-free, free-range, pasture-raised, organic, omega-3, white, brown, green, purple, black, large, extra large, incredibly large, incredibly tiny, powdered, and liquid, bagged, bottled and in tankers.
01:54:52>> They're lean, mean, egg-laying machines.
01:54:54They're just great.
01:54:56>> If we cook them right, chug them raw, or even sculpt their shells, they're incredible, and edible.
01:55:05Now, "the egg" " eggs, the reproductive cells from which all life forms evolve, including us.
01:55:28So which came first, the chicken or the egg?
01:55:31The first eggs were laid by sea creatures in the ocean hundreds of millions of years ago.
01:55:37In water, the eggs needed no shells for protection.
01:55:40With reptiles, came soft leathery sacs.
01:55:45Dinosaurs laid the first hard-shelled eggs.
01:55:49Later, but still a hundred million years ago, the first birds laid their eggs in nests.
01:55:56So, the egg wins, because gallus domesticus, the chicken as we know it, is only four or five thousand years old.
01:56:06Today its eggs are a major global food source.
01:56:12Welcome to the egg capital of america, iowa, where every year, fifty million hens lay more than twelve billion eggs.
01:56:24, there are as many lady birds as people, two hundred and eighty million.
01:56:32Coincidentally, each american eats about the same number of eggs as a single chicken puts out, 250 per year.
01:56:39So, in effect, every person has a hen with his or her name on it.
01:56:44There are more than 200 breeds of chickens, but the classic white leghorn, originally bred in ily, is the choice for most egg producers.
01:56:54Too small to be considered a meaty bird, it's built to lay eggs.
01:57:00This mega chicken coop in stuart, iowa is part of rose acre farms, the nation's second largest egg producer.
01:57:085 million chickens housed here lay more than 800,000 eggs.
01:57:16The process begins at hatcheries.
01:57:19Because leghorn hens are cannibalistic and may literally peck each other to death in close quarters, the sharp tips of their beaks are trimmed by machine within two days of birth; a process which egg producers say is painless, similar to trimming a fingernail.
01:57:36Because these leghorns are intended solely for egg production, male chicks are killed within a day or two of hatching, using procedures approved by the american medical veterinary association.
01:57:49At an age of approximately 18 weeks, hens are ready to lay and are moved into production houses.
01:57:59>> We're in house 3 right now, which we call 3a and b, a stands for attic, b stands for basement.
01:58:06This cage system here is eight high with a floor in the middle.
01:58:12>> A typical hen house at rose acre is built around 400 foot rows with cages stacked eight high on each side.
01:58:20Every building has eight rows, housing 200 to 250,000 hens.
01:58:26The stuart, iowa facility has six houses, accounting for the total chicken population of up to 1.5 million.
01:58:35Each cage houses five to seven chickens.
01:58:39The current industry guideline requires a minimum of 67 square inches of space per bird, about half a square foot.
01:58:49Feed is continually replenished in front of cages, water in the back and manure is removed by large conveyer belts every sixth day.
01:58:58Eggs roll gently

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